As the technology and knowledge about genetics and microbiology have improved, there are thoughts about improving the quality of life, including eliminating or inserting certain genes to enhance the benefits of organism including plants, animals, etc. However, first of all, we should know what exactly is the genetically modified organism or food.
Genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically modified food is a kind of food which has foreign genes (from other organism: plants or animals) in its genetic codes. Genetically engineered food may make the food be more nutritious, tastier, decreased use of pesticides, etc. 1 However, the effect of modified plants or animals may be harmful because they has unexpected genetic changes. Moreover, they can also interbreed with natural organisms thus creating contamination which could lead to extinction. They can also cause toxicity or allergic reactions in many people because of the modifications. 2
- Wax E. Genetically engineered foods [Internet]. Bethesda: United States National Library of Medicine. 2014 [last updated May 3, 2016; cited date May 18, 2016]. Available from: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002432.htm
- Genetic Science Learning Center. Genetically Modified Foods [Internet]. Salt Lake City: University of Utah. 2016 [cited date May 18, 2016]. Available from: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/science/gmfoods/